User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – a communications protocol that facilitates the exchange of messages between computing devices in a network. It’s an alternative to the transmission control protocol (TCP). In a network that uses the Internet Protocol (IP), it is sometimes referred to as UDP/IP.
UDP divides messages into packets, called datagrams, which can then be forwarded by the devices in the network – switches, routers, security gateways – to the destination application/server. While UDP does not number or reassemble the datagrams, it does include port numbers in the datagram header that help distinguish different user requests and an optional checksum capability that can help verify the integrity of the data transferred.