Cloud security vulnerabilities present themselves in a variety of ways, and they are not something to quickly dismiss as they will lead to data breaches and privacy violations. Preventing security attacks in the cloud requires vigilance, constant research, and routine monitoring of the network to detect, address, and resolve.
Securing the cloud is a shared responsibility between the cloud service provider (CSP) and the enterprise. The amount of responsibility per entity is dependent upon which cloud service the enterprise uses and whether it is a public, private, or hybrid cloud. Service-level agreements should detail what an enterprise is and is not responsible for when it comes to security.
Regardless of which entity is responsible for securing the cloud network, it’s vital for both parties to recognize and enforce measures to protect the cloud from security vulnerabilities. We list the most predominant cloud security vulnerabilities here:
Top Cloud Security Vulnerabilities
- Data Breaches
- Hacking and taking over of accounts
- Insider theft, or when an internal employee compromises the network’s security
- Malware and ransomware, such as Spectre or Meltdown
- Insecure APIs. According to Carnegie Mellon University’s Software Engineering Institute, cloud service providers’ (CSPs) application programming interfaces (APIs) “are accessible via the Internet exposing them more broadly to potential exploitation.”
- Denial of Service (DoS) and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are cloud security vulnerabilities that make servers inaccessible for users by flooding the network’s traffic.
- Lack of Due Diligence in researching the latest security news, maintaining compliance, and upgrading security measures
- Data Loss. Imperva Incapsula points out that “data on cloud services can be lost through a malicious attack, natural disaster, or a data wipe by the service provider.”
- Non-Compliance with regulations, such as HIPAA
- Vendor Lock-In
- According to Redlock’s research, “25% of organizations currently have cryptojacking activity in their environments.” Cryptojacking is when a hacker taps into a user’s computer to mine cryptocurrency without the user being aware of the action taking place.